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Big ideas on International inequalities
Inequality is the state of not being equal, for example in terms of income or wealth. People with higher income will usually have better access to services and opportunities. They also have a lower chance of their basic human rights being violated. Whether an individual is born into a wealthy family or wealthy society is a matter of chance. Income inequality can be measured between countries, identifying high-income countries and low-income countries. It can also be measured within countries. Currently inequality, in terms of income, is decreasing between nations. However, inequality within nations is on the increase – there is a widening gap between rich and poor.